In this post I intend to show you a number of techniques available to you, for the purpose of optimising the performance of your machine, especially if you’re having issues with its speed. Everyone that has ever owned a computer for any significant duration knows exactly what it’s like to contend with a computer that seems to take years for it to do simple tasks. A slow computer means less productivity, which can cost you money years down the line.
Despite all of that, there are options available to you to combat it, you just need the knowhow. If you’re computer isn’t running as fast as you would like it to, and you have enough spare time, plus the expertise, then this post should help you. The first thing you’ll want to do when it comes to optimising the performance of your system, is establish what programs are running and which are taking up the most resources. Fortunately, this can be done by using the Task Manager. Use the steps below to run this tool:
- First, you will need to log into the system with administrative rights.
- Then right-click + Taskbar and select Start Task Manager.
- This will load up the tool; from here you will need to access the Processes Tab.
Through the use of this tool, you can evaluate how much memory and CPU resources each running application is consuming.
Not every program running can be disabled, so that’s something you must keep in mind.
- Turning off a process is done by simply right-clicking on one and then selecting End Process.
Note: Any attempt at shutting down a system process, will force the computer to restart. One you have established which programs use the most resources and from which are not required. Such problems can be uninstalled by using the appwiz.cpl tool.
To open this tool, use the steps below:
- Make you have logged into the computer with administrative rights
- Then press Windows Key + R, to open the Run Command box, and type appwiz.cpl into it and execute.
- This will open the Uninstallation tool; you will need to highlight a Program, and uninstall it, using the corresponding button.
Alternatively, there is the option to disable programs from running during system boot up. In order to do that, you will need to use System Configuration Utility.
Open this tool using these steps:
- Acquiring access to the computer with administrative rights.
- Then press Windows Key + R, and then type msconfig into the Run Command box load up the tool.
- Once the tool (System Configuration Utility) is running, access the Startup options through the Tab.
From here, applications can be prevented from running during boot up, by simply un-ticking the box next to the corresponding program(s).
- Once you have un-ticked a box, just click on the corresponding OK button.
Note: The system will force you to restart before changes will take effect.
Remove Malicious Files
Malicious files such as adware, spyware, and rootkits are all capable of degrading the performance of your computer. Fortunately, you have a ton of tools available to you, designed to detect and remove these files from your computer. Assuming your system has internet security software running on it, I’d recommend you went ahead and conducted a complete scan of your computer, and once you’ve finished, scheduled your virus scanner to run at least once per week.
If you don’t have any security software on your PC, then I’d recommend you went ahead and downloaded something. AVG might be a good place for you to start, as a proficient and free to use solution. So I’d probably start with that. There are also many second opinion malware scanners you should think about using, like Malwarebytes and Spyhunter.
Defragment the Storage Device
A hard drive that is fragmented has to work especially hard when doing basic tasks, which ultimately ends up slowing your system down. With disk defragmenter tools, they rearrange this data so that the internal storage device will work more effectively. Microsoft Windows has a built in disk defragmenter tool that runs on a schedule, however you can opt to invest in the better third-party solutions that I’d recommend you had a look at.
Clean the Hard Drive
Redundant and unnecessary data saved on the disc drive can consume a considerable amount of space, ultimately slowing down your system.
With the use of disk cleanup you can have these unwanted files removed, freeing up much needed storage space. As a third-party alternative, I’d recommend you use Ccleaner; as it is better than the standard built in disk cleanup tool.
Uchenna Ani-Okoye is a former IT Manager who now runs his own computer support website where he writes extensively on computer related issues and topics.